Human Rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our Human Rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 is an Act to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission in States and Human Rights Courts for better protection of human rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.

What is the term “Human Rights?”

In terms of Section 2 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 -“Human Rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the International covenants and enforceable by courts in.

What are the main objectives of The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993?

The main objective of protection of Human Rights Act 1993 is protecting human beings from violations. Without Human rights there would be either no if or a meaningless life. The rights relating to life, liberty equality and dignity of the individual as guaranteed by the constitution are also included in the category of “Human Rights”. Human Rights are the rights and freedoms of all human beings.

The purpose of securing human rights as such is to provide protection to these rights against the abuse of power committed by the organs of state to establish institution for the promotion of living condition beings and for the development of their personality and at the same time to provide effective remedial measures for obtaining redress in the event of those rights are violated. The act provides for establishment of National Human Rights Commission, State Human right Commission and Human Rights Courts which seeks to prevent and punish any gross violation of human rights.


What are the types of complaints dealt by the National and State commission?


  1. Failure in taking action
  2. Unlawful Detention
  3. False Implication
  4. Illegal Arrest
  5. Custodial Violation


  1. Custodial Deaths
  2. Encounter Deaths
  3. Atrocities on SC and ST
  4. Child Labor
  5. Dowry Demand
  6. Abduction, Rape and Murder
  7. Sexual Harassment and Indignity to Women
  8. Exploitation of Women